loris bertolacci

Sport, Health and Fitness

George Bertolacci


My dad loved sport. Talk about functional strength. He used to grab 100kgs at 45 and stand there and military press it for rep after rep. Then he could press me overhead. At his heaviest he was 155kgs and at his fittest was 110kgs. Big.

When I trained in Italy , all his mates in Livorno ( near Pisa) used to tell me about how he was the best arm wrestler going around and how they used to bet on Giorgio in the bars. He had massive wrists and even at my strongest he killed me.

Dad played Rugby Union in Italy with Livorno and was the kicker. He also played representative water polo and was a very good swimmer. He represented Tuscany in Athletics also and did a stint in graeco roman wrestling. All at state level.


He had a game or two of Aussie Rules in 1952, I think with Reservoir and kicked a few with place kicks. He came out to OZ in 1951 ! Apparently he replaced a player who went to Essendon so the story goes. He only had been in Australia for a year but had worked with the Americans in the war and so spoke English. He even had a training run in February with Fitzroy the next year, after a game with Reservoir and rode his bike to the wharf for work then back to the Brunswick Oval for training and promptly did his hamstring badly on the first night of training. So he started athletics again and competed with Coburg. He represented the state in the throws after that and was the anchor man for the wharfies at Port Melbourne and this shot was in the Herald Sun of those days.


He played Table Tennis a lot at a high standard and at 130kgs used to play against 50kg Asian guys at Albert Park. He had a short temper so sometimes the bat went flying and his opponent was in fear of his life.

He did a lot of soccer coaching in the 60’s until he started coaching me in Athletics. He started me in shot put in 1967 and I boomed. But like so many young people by 16 I knew it all and went on a long distance running binge to lose weight and as he had told me would happen, my throwing career faltered.

The last athlete he coached was Saverio Rocca in the discus and the big Sav had to come to my dads house and tell him that he was playing with Collingwood. I could see Saverio was nervous and dad was not happy. After all Sav was a better athlete than he was a footballer and I think dad knew he had lost a huge talent. Before that he coached many athletes and the best was Paul Nandapi. Paul won a heap of titles and medals in the commonwealth games. But with dad at 16 he was throwing mid 50’s with a senior discus and almost 17 metres in the shot put. Then he went to the AIS at 18 . Dad had a real knack of getting young athletes up and he won so many championships over 20 years. He never overtrained them and always made it fun. They sprinted and jumped and did a bit of everything and not too much of anything. It worked. The AIS sent him a plaque years later for his contribution the sport

He started the second pizza shop in Melbourne ( GIPIS) after TOTOS and one day 2 drunk guys came in and started a fight. I ran in and they knocked me out. I was 16. He grabbed them both and threw them in the car and when I came to, made me hold them and we drove to the police. One was the middleweight boxing champion of Australia. One chap once grabbed a pizza and ran out, and dad at 45 sprinted out the shop and ran down High Street and rugby tackled him to the ground. Big fast twitch man. The thief coudn’t believe it. Lots of Fitzroy players lived in the Northern Suburbs and they came to GIPIS after a game. Dad was a great sketch artist and would make funny sketches of players like Gary Wilson.

We always had sportspeople around our house. Kevin Murray ( Fitzroy Captain) lived up the road in Reservoir and was a real friend of the family. Whenever Italian sportspeople would come out to OZ Dad would seek them out and invite them home and Mum ( Rosa ) would cook them a treat. Fencers, athletes, boxers. All world class sportspeople at our house. I remember once dad picked up this boxer who was going to fight Johnny Famechon as he marched to a World Title. The boxer was from Livorno ( dads town) and in the car he told us he was retired ( Ex – European Champ) and was out only to earn some money and help Famechon get up the rankings!

I think a special day was Sundays at the Bertolacci house. We would train at the Preston Athletics Track at Edwardes Lake. Often some good throwers would appear to train with us like Matt Barber and Phil Nettle and other behemoths. They would come home to Lunch with Paul Nandapi and a few other big guys and mum ( Rosa) would have about 100kgs of pasta ready and 189 Schnitzels and bowls of potatoes and so on. They ate and ate. I watched in amazement. Then they went in the lounge room and watched World of Sport and fell asleep. When carbed up they would the weights on Sunday night.


Once Saverio went to Collingwood , dad decided to wrap it up and I wish he had kept coaching. Kept him switched on and a step ahead of diabetes. After that he moved to Rosebud and lost touch with coaching and fell into ill health. Rudy Villani my cousin ( and a great athlete) said at dads funeral that George had given us our love of sport and an appreciation of all sports. He loved to watch great athletes and loved all sports ( loved AFL) and this was very important for our overall sports development.

Thank god he died before all the crap was written about me in the media in 2006. Mum and Dad would never have understood it and to be honest nor have I. Had nothing to do with sport dad. But one thing that dad left me was a love of sport, and that remains and I will coach and produce athletes and high level performance  just like he did .

July 31, 2007 Posted by | AFL, General, Strength and Conditioning, Track and Field, Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Plyometrics and Volleyball

Plyometrics and Volleyball seemingly go hand in hand. But Volleyball itself involves a lot of “plyometric” training in skills. Plyometrics really works. Olympic Weights really work. High Intensity anything works. But progressions and adherence to individual needs and training ages requires coaching. And the need to individualize and progress becomes greater with females.

When athletes measure loads with plyometrics they usually don’t do extra jumps in their training as happens in volleyball.

A study by Myer and Hewitt (The Effects of Plyometric Versus Dynamic Stabilization and Balance Training on Lower Extremity Biomechanics) proposes that balance training and plyometric training both will assist in the proper development of landing mechanics and good biomechanics of the lower legs. A weight program was done by both groups. Pretty much this study throws the lot at you. Balance training, plyometrics and also resistance work. But the good thing is that it seems balance work with strength work will assist proper lower leg mechanics in female volleyballers. Thus a conservative program of balance work and weights coupled with Volleyball training can get results.

A few snippets below from the medline abstract below:

The Effects of Plyometric Versus Dynamic Stabilization and Balance Training on Lower Extremity Biomechanics
Gregory D. Myer, and Timothy E. Hewett,

The American Journal of Sports Medicine, Vol. 34, No. 3

Methods: Eighteen high school female athletes participated in 18 training sessions during a 7-week period. The plyometric group (n = 8) performed maximum-effort jumping and cutting exercises, and the balance group (n = 10) used dynamic stabilization/ balance exercises during training. Lower extremity kinematics were measured during the drop vertical jump and the medial drop landing before and after training using 3D motion analysis techniques.
Results: During the drop vertical jump, both plyometric and balance training reduced initial contact , maximum hip adduction angle , and maximum ankle eversion angle . During the medial drop landing, both groups decreased initial contact and maximum knee abduction angle . Plyometric training increased initial contact knee flexion and maximum knee flexion during the drop vertical jump, whereas the balance training increased maximum knee flexion during the medial drop landing.
Conclusion: Both plyometric and balance training can reduce lower extremity valgus measures. Plyometric training affects sagittal plane kinematics primarily during a drop vertical jump, whereas balance training affects sagittal plane kinematics during single-legged drop landing.
Clinical Relevance: Both plyometric and dynamic stabilization/balance exercises should be included in injury-prevention protocols.

The article on loads for plyometrics (PLYOMETRIC TRAINING LOADS FOR YOUTHS AND BEGINNERS By Phil Lundin, Ph.D., Assistant Track Coach, University of Minnesota) is old but comes from track and field and is a good read on all types of jumps and training protocols and loads.


A summary from this article is quoted below

“The number of contacts recommended for mature athletes in Depth Jump training ranges from 40-100, generally in a series of 8-10 contacts with rest periods of 1-3 minutes which include light running and stretching. Training loads for beginners should be 30 contacts per session twice weekly according to Verkhoshanskiy (1973).
For children and youths, training loads are not completely understood. It appears, however, that conservative jumping programs which follow accepted training principles may enhance leg extensor power among children (Mekhonoshin, 1983).
The choice of exercises should allow for a gradual increase in load during the year. This can be accomplished by: 1. Gradual transition from general to specific jumping exercises; 2. Gradual increase in the number of contacts per session, per week, etc.; 3. Increase in number of sessions employing jumping exercises per week; and, 4. Testing for BDJ on a regular basis allowing intensity (height of DJ) to increase as adaptation occurs.
It must be remembered that DJs are intense and should be used sparingly among beginners, children and youths. Multi-jumps appear to develop leg strength and improve motor effi ciency in jumping movements. It seems
reasonable that such activities should constitute the bulk of exercises for such a population”

What I am leading to is the huge stress that occurs with plyometrics if young volleyballers are not ready for big loads or high impact or are training hard with skills.

Thus the article (Strength and plyometric drills with Penn State volleyball 13 plyometric drills) on the STACK fitness site suggests plyos can take your volleyball game to new heights and seems simple stuff and all things being ok it will . Crank the plyos up and off we go. A good read and all ok in it but if a junior coach uses it with weak biomechanically inefficient players one could have “Osgood Schlatters City”.


The planning of strength work and plyometrics within the training loads of volleyball training is a complex issue both for youths and elite players.

Basic strength work, core strength, balance work and landing mechanics need to be addressed before the next stage is achieved with young players.

Food for thought but development takes years and many kids get burnt by Internet experts. There is doctor google now and nurse google and judge google. Now Coach Google!. Now just look up an internet site and start jumping on and off boxes.


July 30, 2007 Posted by | Development, Strength and Conditioning, Volleyball Strength and Conditioning | 1 Comment

Sandilands, Osteitis Pubis and Rotations in the AFL

It was reported in the media that Aaron Sandilands from Fremantle has Osteitis Pubis. In 2005 especially I noticed early in the season that clubs like Sydney, West Coast and Adelaide were playing 2 Ruckmen. There had been the intervention with the centre circle to stop PCL injuries. But clubs had realized that playing 100 minutes plus for ruckmen was just too much. Almost a midfielders role and yet these guys are huge men. Some have amazing endurance capacities but still big blokes who are not going to excel in distance running. They are more like big rowers.

One exception was Jim Stynes who played so much football. He was quite light and an exceptional runner and also played in another era.

The problem that clubs had and have is that their ruckmen has to get some possessions and be a normal player unlike the lumbering giants of the past. This was the only way of justifying 2 ruck players.

Coaches in general were scared to go 2 ruckmen in the early 2000’s ( although EFC had Alessio and Barnes) given they wanted run. So rotations and ruckman that can get their hands on the ball have become the key. And so many ruckmen were worked into the ground in this period when the game became super quick, making them look even worse given they often played 100% of game time .

I was very keen for this to happen in 2005 . IE Rotating ruck men and rotations in general. Sydney had Ball and Jolly,West Coast ( Cox and Seaby) and Adelaide ( Biglands and Hudson). All these players rotated almost predictively when interchanges were studied and also had an impact on the game both as ruckman and as general players picking up kicks and stats around the ground. Also given the increase in the speed of the game the theory was to decrease their risk of overuse injury and injury in general. But performance was the main aim.

So back to Sandilands. I don’t have his game time statistics but it seemed to me that in 2006 he played a lot of football on the ball and did some very hard running. He played 18 games and bore the brunt of the load in the ruck as far as I could see.

Just a tough gig to do it without adequate help. Ottens and Blake are working effectively in tandem now since Mark has matured. In the Sydney final of 2005 King was playing his 3rd game in 18 days ( Sun RD 22 Rich/Sat Final Melb/Fri Semi Sydney) and came up against Ball and Jolly by himself and was off with a hamstring by the 3rd quarter. Ball was the class act and Jolly is a good hard runner.

So Osteitis is often a reflection of load and the inability of the core to stand up to fatigue. I think we will see Sandilands rotated a lot more next year.

But eh I might be wrong. Trends and players often go against theories. What will be the new trend in this area? 2 * Jimmy Stynes?

July 30, 2007 Posted by | AFL, Rehabilitation, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

AFL , Patrick White , Drugs and Tour De France .

I was listening to a debate on drugs in sport ( Tour De France mainly) on SEN today with Patrick White and it was frustrating. The whole area is so sad. My main concern really is the recreational use of steroids in local gymnasiums in Australia. People make money out of naive men who want a quick fix with muscles and don’t know what they are doing. Huge health risks await them later in life. That needs to be addressed with a massive educational program with kids.

I find the debate on drugs in sport so difficult. AFL players in a sense are not elite athletes. They are awesome all round athletes, but they are measured by wins and losses and statistics and coach appraisals. Not by having to squat 230lgs, for example, to improve their performance. What I mean is that usually AFL players do not directly link training statistics with performance. AFL players in general don’t come to you and say I want to run 9 mins for a 3km or squat 200kgs. ( Some do of course!). And this is because the link between improvement in training variables and performance is not as clear as many elite sports.

Elite athletes directly know that if they can increase a few measurable variables in their training they will improve. Also with AFL there are so many areas to improve and one plays a juggling act with it. Get too big and strong and endurance suffers, but run too much mileage and speed suffers and so on. So most players are good at everything without being special at anything. And the ability to repeat speed is at a premium and this is not a specific trait.

The debate about whether anabolic agents could assist recovery and rehabilitation is that, a debate. But the season is long and again nutrition and recovery methods win out in the long run.

There is no doubt that steroids were sneaking into the AFL in the 70’s and the 80’s. Too long ago and who cares but it was on the increase and thats that. So ASADA and the AFL has done a good job.

But from a philosophical perspective I always cringe when players get jabbed before a game with a “legal” painkiller. A drug is a drug. So once caffeine was made legal then it was ok to pump those NO DOZ in like lollies. But in the “old days” if caught with 6 short blacks you were tainted a criminal. I got dragged into the media because Darren Bewick took 2 NO DOZ before a game in 1998 when he had the flu and became sicker and I didn’t even give them to him. It was huge, and luckily the Alistair Lynch “scandal” was on at the same time.

This is the same situation that occurs in Society. Alcohol is legal and if you don’t drink and drive you can get totally drunk and thats ok. Weird.

My main worry with steroids is health. I support drug testing because I wanted to compete drug free but one is naive if people think sport in Australia is drug free and that one sport is cleaner than the other. After all there are so many ways people get around the system that really who knows half the time what is going on.

The media goes in hard when there is a sniff of drug cheats.One see pictures of people caught on drugs and they look like mug shots. I would go in harder when club officials are caught drink driving. But I am a cynic and that doesn’t sell papers.

Below is a transcript of a radio interview with Warwick Hadfield that I did a few years ago and the link to ABC.


Program Transcript ( June 2004).

Warwick Hadfield: The big issue this week is once again drugs in sport, but this time it’s in Australia.

Loris Bertolacci: From ’75 to ’82 both here and overseas, by a number of coaches and in a number of situations in capital cities in Australia, and round the world, I was encouraged to take drugs.

Warwick Hadfield: Were some of these coaches attached to the Australian Institute of Sport, or similar official positions at the time?

Loris Bertolacci: I think I will leave it at the fact that there were a number of coaches from ’75 to ’82 that I think as a general interest in that it came from me because they saw me as a potential talent to take drugs. I don’t want to say they were attached to any official – you can actually work that out for yourself.

Warwick Hadfield: That’s former hammer thrower and now leading Australian football fitness co-ordinator, Loris Bertolacci, a member of the first intake of athletes into the AIS back in 1981.

I put his allegations to the Australian Sports Commission. A spokesperson said that without the names of the coaches, those allegations had no credibility. The spokesperson added both the Commission and the AIS have and will investigate all credible allegations brought to them.

Bertolacci’s claims come to light as just 49 days before the Olympic Games, Australia finds itself embroiled in the biggest drugs scandal in its sporting history.

This week sprint cyclist Mark French received a life ban from the Australian Olympic Council, after being found guilty of possessing two banned drugs. He has appealed against that ban, saying he wants to clear his name.

The Federal government has also set up an inquiry into allegations five other cyclists were involved in using the banned drugs.

There is, however, no evidence on this occasion that AIS coaching staff are involved.

Back in the 1970s and 1980s Loris Bertolacci, now 50, made the decision to resist all the urgings and compete drug free.

Loris Bertolacci: There were two very firm reasons for me, that was the critical factor was one was health, I always was a strength power athlete and people that knew me that liked to go for a run didn’t really want to put on much weight and thought about the long-term. So it was health. There’s probably three reasons. The second one was I found it particularly boring that people with sometimes a lack of talent could improve so dramatically in the gym and on the track and that. And let me preface that by saying that there are some genetic talents that didn’t need drugs that did perform admirably, and that’s the unfortunate thing.

Warwick Hadfield: What do you mean by that’s unfortunate?

Loris Bertolacci: Well it’s unfortunate for those people because some people that are genetically talented, and we see them in footy obviously Wayne Carey and these people here, they actually are far better. There’s only probably ten great players or five great players in the AFL, and they’re talented, they’re genetically talented, they’ve got skills, so therefore they perform above the level of the others. The same in track and field, weightlifting, whatever, you do get the odd ‘freak’ or people with genetic endowments that does perform at a very, very high level, and then unfortunately they get tainted with drug use, and certainly I wasn’t a genetic talent, I was just a very, very strong guy, naturally. The other thing was that I had an intense desire, and people that know me would understand this, to train as hard as I possibly could for ten years and beat the guys on steroids, basically by just being stronger and harder than them, because I just didn’t like the scene, really.

Warwick Hadfield: Does it frustrate you though that many of those people who did take the steroids are now regarded as – well, their records still stand 20, 30 years down the track?

Loris Bertolacci: Well first of all it was my own fault for retiring at 26 for personal reasons. I could have actually thrown a lot further, so I’m not going to blame it totally on steroids. But I did back myself into a corner a little bit and whilst I could have improved, there were some people that wouldn’t have been as good as me, I’m convinced about that, that now probably rank higher than me in certain areas, and there’s certain people that didn’t take steroids that performed a lot better than me too. So I’m not naïve.

Warwick Hadfield: All these years down the track though, some of these people who you knew to take steroids are not in the same good health that you’re quite obviously in right now.

Loris Bertolacci: Yes, look, I’ve met a lot of people in the past from gyms in sport and everything like that. I found it’s had an impact on their health. That is a huge factor in this whole area, and it’s a bit like people that take X this year at 30, they’re finding they’ve got symptoms of Alzheimer’s, or people that drank themselves into oblivion through their 20s and are in health now. I’ve seen people that I work with in gyms, clients that were in gyms 15, 20 years ago, bouncers that really rue the fact that they did this now and have high blood pressure and problems with thyroids etc. etc., and even some further health problems. I think that’s a major impact later on in life when the thrill of the chase has gone.

Warwick Hadfield: So why, there’s been testing for years now, it’s very, very high profile, all the side effects are well known as well. Why do you think even now, all these years on, people like what’s happened at the AIS, the cycling, in the last few weeks; why do you think people are still taking these incredible risks with banned drugs?

Loris Bertolacci: A number of reasons. I think, I certainly thought about it, I can understand the psyche because you do want to get into the top 10, top 50, top 20 in the world, you do want to go to the Olympics, you do want to wear the national tracksuit, you do want to achieve something, it’s a lot different competing in a windswept velodrome in, well it used to be Brunswick didn’t it? against going overseas and to an international thing. So the lure of the international circuit. There is money, and certainly instead of actually having to work in a mundane job, a lot of these guys can sustain their life for ten years. And it’s just that intangible that people are after, they just become very desperate, and they close their minds to the risks. And it’s probably a folly of youth too, in some regards, and an irresponsibility of people that are attached to them, i.e. I’m saying coaches quite possibly here, who you’ve got to lack respect for them if they condone this, because we have a huge responsibility to our athletes here.

Warwick Hadfield: What about the sports though which have been clearly identified as where drugs are abused: cycling, it’s emerged, the power sports, weightlifting and hammer throwing and so on. Will a time come when parents might have to say Well if my child pursues that sport, they’re going to have to make this tough decision about drugs, and parents may need to take responsibility for pulling their children out of those sports.

Loris Bertolacci: Certainly you have to worry if you’ve got a child that’s veering towards those sports and has an intense, fanatical desire to improve. You do have to worry about their future involvement.

Warwick Hadfield: The story from the AIS in South Australia is of a shooting-up room. Is that something that you’ve seen in your experience in sport in the past? A room where people go to inject themselves rather than have it done by doctors with illegal drugs?

Loris Bertolacci: I think unfortunately yes, certainly here and overseas, time and time again before national titles or in different places etc. and even overseas, and with professional assistance without, and unfortunately now just as we see people can go on the internet I suppose and work out how to construct a bomb, I think that the flow of information in society now, from every aspect is massive, and the ability to get what you want is very easy. So I think it’s a bit naïve of people to think I would assume that things have actually tightened up.

Warwick Hadfield: Former hammer thrower, Loris Bertolacci.

This is The Sports Factor on Radio National. I’m Warwick Hadfield, and this week, the scandal that could destroy Australia’s reputation as a world leader in the fight against drugs in sport.

The two banned drugs found by cleaners in Mark French’s room at the AIS cycling annex in Adelaide were testicomp, also known as glucocorticosteroid, and Equigen.

Testicomp is an anti-inflammatory and only attracts a minor penalty if used by sports people.

Equigen, a growth hormone for horses is, like all growth hormones, banned by the International Cycling Union and the World Anti-doping Agency.

Dr Sue White is a member of the Australian Sports Medicine Drug Advisory Council. She explains why a product meant for horses might have suddenly become attractive to athletes.

Sue White: The actual fact that it is an equine growth hormone means that it doesn’t have the same restrictions as human growth hormones to access. To get human growth hormone in Australia and certainly overseas, there’s lots of restrictions on it placed through the government, placed through the prescribing organisations. Those conditions don’t exist in the veterinary world, because this drug is not a banned drug from their perspective, and so you would be able to access it through fairly standard means and I also believe that it is not particularly expensive.

Warwick Hadfield: So what else do we know about Equigen?

Sue White: Well the things that we do know are basically that it’s a veterinary drug used in horses and it’s specifically a horse growth hormone, and we certainly haven’t been aware in the past of anyone trying to use it on humans.

Warwick Hadfield: What would it do, what are the things that it does for horses that might benefit humans who are competing?

Sue White: Certainly the things that it would do for horses, they would get improved muscle mass, potentially decreased body fat, there’s certainly been no specific discussion on whether it is ergogenic, which means it actually increases the power output or the aerobic capacity, but certainly the body composition seems to be the primary effect. But the interesting thing in this case is that we know that growth hormone is quite species specific, so we know that certainly growth hormone in pigs is specific for pigs and it is more than likely that growth hormone for horses is specific for horses. So in fact these athletes may have been using this medication without any effect at all, except possibly negative effects.

Warwick Hadfield: One of the reasons we don’t know that is that there are ethical reasons for not actually testing this drug on humans, so the athletes are able to test it on themselves, but the testers, the people who are trying to catch the athletes out, haven’t in the past been able to go out and see just what it might do.

Sue White: There’s lots of problems with researching drugs in sport. One of them is some of the ethics, even with the drugs that are prescribed for humans, using those on people that don’t have the actual medical indications for that drug, it becomes even more of an ethical issue if you would like to try and test humans with products that are designed for animals, and I can’t imagine any Ethics Committee agreeing to allow that to happen because of the potential side effects.

Warwick Hadfield: Are there at this stage any known side effects of humans using this drug?

Sue White: Well because we don’t know of humans using it in the past, no, we don’t know. There’s certainly been debates about the use of animal products or drugs for animals in humans in the past, and some of the thoughts have been things like the production of abnormal antibodies, possibly if it does have an effect in humans, then it could have similar side effects to human growth hormone, which is a condition called gigantism, where you get increased bony structure in the face, increased hand size and certainly problems with some of the internal organs.

Warwick Hadfield: One of the reasons that athletes tend to use the growth hormone that’s made for humans is that it aids recovery. Does this horse hormone do the same thing?

Sue White: Well we still don’t know if it does that in humans. In horses, it’s mainly prescribed for ageing horses, so certainly improving recovery would be one of those things, but there’s no indication at this stage that it would be doing that in humans.

Warwick Hadfield: What are the broader issues here in terms of Australian sport? We’ve valued ourselves as being pretty clean in this area. Is this going to do damage to Australia’s international reputation in the fight against drugs?

Sue White: I think any time any of our athletes are involved or appear to be involved in an issue such as this, I do think it damages our reputation, and as we’ve always said, it’s unfortunate that we hope that it’s a small group of athletes, but it does tend to reflect upon all of our athletes.

Warwick Hadfield: Is it sports-specific? Are there some sports where drugs are more notoriously used than others?

Sue White: There’s no doubt that there are certain sports that have more benefit from using drugs, and they tend to be power and strength sports, and endurance sports. So many of the track events, many of the field events, swimming, cycling, but things such as synchronised swimming or diving that are perhaps more subjective in their judging, not just a pure number at the end, but possibly involve some more specific skills, are less likely to benefit from drug taking.

Warwick Hadfield: THG, human grown hormone, was supposed to be the drugs for Athens. Now that it’s been discovered it’s being used could you see this test being formulated for this and this one popping up a bit more in Athens?

Sue White: I’m not really sure with that, and one of the reasons is that I remain concerned about its efficacy in humans. The fact that this drug can be quite species-specific, I wonder whether athletes that are choosing to use drugs may choose to use the ones that have been tried and tested in the past, and work.

Warwick Hadfield: So we might just have some pretty silly people dabbling with things about which they know very, very little?

Sue White: It is distinctly possible.

Warwick Hadfield: And potentially endangering their own lives?

Sue White: Absolutely.

Warwick Hadfield: Dr Sue White.

WADA, the World Anti-Doping Agency, is promising a test for all growth hormones, human or otherwise, for the Athens Olympics. But it may not be that effective. Growth hormones, apparently, work their way out of a person’s system after just a couple of days.

July 30, 2007 Posted by | AFL, General | Leave a comment

Loris Bertolacci sacked

I can have empathy with the coaches that have been sacked recently. Many years ago I worked as a barman at Crystals T striptease joint in Brunswick. It catered more for hens nights so all I usually saw was blokes taking their clothes off . Wow! A friend got me the job and I needed the money since I was working in the AFL at the time. I drink very little alcohol and had zero idea of how to mix drinks. I had to learn very quickly because “crazed” women out on hens nights can put a lot away. Well I failed. I wasnt motivated and didn’t really want to look at blokes with “tied up penises” gyrating onstage. I couldn’t keep up with the complexity of the drinks and after 2 weeks I was sacked. I considered legal action but really they were correct in sacking me. I was no good at my job. So I moved on.

Next job was cleaning at a safeway at nights. It was a 3 hour gig but I made it into a fitness session and ran all night , sweeping in quick bursts, buffing at high intensity and mopping with gusto. All muscle groups were worked and the buffing was great proprioception. I changed direction a lot and ran up the stairs for the sake of it. The people stacking shelves thought i was on uppers.

Home two hours early and in bed and still I had done a great job. What a cleanathlete. If they had a cleanathlon I would be world champion. The supermarket was spic and span. Every month the supervisor would arrive at 12 and I wasnt there and he nearly sacked me a number of times. I would do the right thing for a few weeks and stay for 3 hours and then go back to high intensity cleaning again until he caught me again home fast asleep!

He had a problem. Like a junior coach who has to play his star player even though he doesn’t train, I was just too good to get rid of.

Thus I developed a periodization plan where I had one month of high intensity buffling/mopping done in an hour to low intensity recovery cleaning sessions of 3 hours.

And really this is a model that should be adapted universally to allow people the opportunity to vary their work and fitness.

Great job and left with good references and superfit.

July 29, 2007 Posted by | AFL, General, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Kristen Jansen and UNI BLUES

I watched the UNI BLUES vs QLD game on Saturday 28 th at Dandenong. Exciting game. Obviously I am a VIC so good result but the contest was the issue and QLD provided a real fight. I was very impressed with the athletic qualities displayed by  Kristen Jansen. Very quick and agile and looked strong and lean. I am not really in a position to judge volleyball skills but subjectively Kristen looked like a very fit player. Very explosive. It would be interesting to see whether my subjective observations correlated with fitness tests or screening. Sometimes does and sometimes doesn’t. And yes of course UNI BLUES looked real fit.

July 29, 2007 Posted by | Volleyball Strength and Conditioning | 3 Comments

In search of the perfect core. Thredbo and Bruce Connor and Essendon Football Club.


Bruce Connor the head physio at Essendon FC took this shot at Thredbo in 1996 and wrote the caption . We were studying the AIS facility in Thredbo for a camp for Essendon. So we went for a walk in the snow and voila “the famous core shot”.

Problem was that the next year Bruce and I went again but this time we decided to ski and I fell and ripped my rotator cuff to shreds. Thus these poses are now impossible given that skiing injury and a future career in bodybuilding ended prematurely .

Bruce is a great skier but I had only been twice and should have stayed in the gym negotiating at best a wobble board. It was October and the snow was almost gone. Only the “real” skiers were out there. I was slipping and falling but went again for another run and let rip. I definitely got my ambition mixed up with my ability. I lost complete control and flew into the air and put my arm out. Dumb. Next minute my arm was hanging and I was screaming. HA. The yeti! They had to gas me and haul me off the slopes and as they did I cursed Bruce Connor. HA. Anyway dislocated and ruptured cuff but the Thredbo disaster had occurred that year so really that put things in perspective. Bruce was driven to drink that night.

Anyway this is what is called functional core and adductor work out on the slopes. Sort of! But due to Thredbo my left delt shot is now a bit off. C’est la vie.

July 28, 2007 Posted by | AFL, General, Uncategorized | 1 Comment

Malthouse , Old Coaches and Young Players.


Quote in Real Footy Coaching veterans pay the penalty
Dan Silkstone | July 28, 2007


“Malthouse, who turns 54 next month and has coached three clubs across three decades, remembered that in 1984 he coached at Footscray alone. Now he commands a football staff of more than 20. Still, he says, he can communicate well with young men such as Scott Pendlebury and Dale Thomas.”

Have young players in the AFL changed? Do old coaches not have the ability to communicate to young ones? Why did Hiddink at 60 have such great success?
People in 1754 were much the same as now. They ate, they argued, they cried and they had egos. That young people are soft or have changed totally is a crap argument. Life is very tough now. Circumstances have changed and kids do want more variety and employment choices but what i am talking more about is psychology not sociology. There are changes and coaches have to be aware of what this generation wants for the future but emotions and psyche and ego. Nah………..Have people from 1971 changed so much to people now.? What has happened of course are things like the information revolution and parents having to work a lot and so on. But the psychology of growing up and socialization is really much the same.

My father coached young kids and in fact the last kid he coached was Saverio Rocca in the discus. He was awesome with kids in his 60’s . Why? Because he made the whole thing enjoyable and progressive and didnt overtrain them. But still he wanted results and he got them.

What has changed in the AFL?

Specifically what has changed is that AFL players play for a living. Probably only since 200o really. IE Many players didn’t work before that but still didn’t need to be at a club 24/7. Now they get to work at 8am and leave at 6pm. They interact and eat with their coaches. They see them all day and realize they are human becuase of that. In fact this is a worldwide trend. Rugby Union went professional in the late 90’s. Soccer was all over the place til the 80’s and 90’s.

It wasnt in the 80’s. Even the 90’s. Training would start late in the day and one could almost do a full days work. Then get to training and walk into a meeting and cop a “roast” from the coach. Train. Go home and back to work for the day or university and switch off and get “kudos” or simply interact with the real world. Have lunch with a friend and “spray” the coach. In the main a young mans “persona” often was not totally linked to his sport and there were outlets. The player simply expected to go to training and cop a belting both in the rooms and on the track and so often just created a veneer.

In the old days ( early 90’s!) the player would leave the club at 8.30pm and buy a drink on the way home and just shake his head at what the coach had said. The coach would call them the next day and explain the roast and see you at 5pm tomorrow.

But now there are so many pressures. Add peer group pressures because in sporting clubs “winners are grinners” and there is a bit of “peer group” follow the leader stuff. So in a full time environment if you have been belittled and somewhat ostracized then sometimes others do the same until they see a different “nurturing” attitude emanating from the leaders. Its called “keep your job”.

I saw the transition from the VFL to the AFL. I started in AFL at 32 from Athletics and so was not a football person and what I saw amazed amd amused me with regards to a coach having the right to abuse and berate people. Didn’t make sense and still doesn’t. Hard nosed home truths are ok. IE ” You didn’t do what I told you to do etc ” or even an animated 3/4 time address that “rams” home what has been and hasn’t been done to an individual. We all like honesty in the end. And yes the coach is allowed to swear!

For those directly involved, the AFL scene is a workplace and  an environment where young men grow up and socialize. That is what changed. Professional full time sport is very new in the worlds history as we know it. Of course I dont know how the gladiators were employed or the spartans , but I presume there was a big dropout then so we are talking World War 2 onwards here!

These days coach  has to be aware that 30 minutes after ripping a player to shreds he has to eat a sandwich with him in the canteen and talk about politics or family or anything. Player might just look at him and think “f&%k off”.

Sure a few things have changed in the world but I think much more has changed in the AFL. Maybe just as an example 15% the world and 65% AFL since 1984.

Coaches that are “infected” by the past ( ie VFL and suburban footy) often struggle to realize they are just at work. And so age is not the variable here. Of course most coaches in all sports probably peak in their late 40’s? Not 60’s. But that doesnt stop a 60 year old coach knowing how to manage a team. Just like it doesnt stop a 31 year old athlete winning a gold medal. Just doesnt’ happen as much. Games will be won and lost and only one club wins the flag and I dont think a coaches rantings and ravings will have hardly anything to do with it whether young or old.

July 28, 2007 Posted by | AFL, Development, Uncategorized | Leave a comment

Volleyball and Development

Motor Structures in Female Volleyball Players Aged 14–17 According to Technique Quality and Performance. Ratko Katic Coll. Antropol. 30 (2006) 1: 103–112


This is a good read but as usual is just a study on one small group of kids. Not the written word. The problem that occurs is that people read studies or books or websites ( or blogs HA) and believe what they read. Belinda Gabbe presented at the AFL hamstring conference Sept 06 and explained that the only real study that might be relied upon is a cohort study. Thus one would have to get the whole AFL and get half the players to do programs used for Hamstring injury prevention and the other half nothing. Then one simply has to let them go and for example 5 years later check the statisitics. Unethical, impractical and won’t happen. Other studies are called case studies and cross sectional studies and can be very useful but may not be scientifically validated. So when you read these research article or anything I write, take it in and store it away for future reference. Thats all.


There were 2 age groups 14–15 and 16–17 . The study pinpointed 2 groups. Those more efficient at the net (explosive strength + agility) and those more efficient in the field (psychomotor speed + agility). Also some stats were provided as possible benchmarks for varied qualities (elite) female volleyball players aged 14–15 and 16–17.

Tests used for explosive strength assessment
1. standing long jump 2. standing vertical jump 3. approach vertical jump – jump both legs after volleyball 3-step approach 4. throwing medicine ball from supine position – 1-kg medicine ball
Tests for agility assessment ( should be change direction!)
1.6mx6m run – Change of direction test 2. 9-3-6-3-9 m run – Another change direction test. 3. T test 4. Hexagon test: Jump test
Tests for assessment of movement frequency ( reads like a dance to me!)
1. hand tapping 2. double hand tapping 3. foot tapping 3. foot tapping against the wall –
6 variables were used for assessment of volleyball technical efficiency
1. service 2. serve reception 3. setting 4. spike 5. block 6. field defense

*They also ranked the girls for volleyball qualities and also team qualities



I have copied the conclusions below from the article. From my perspective relative to development and relative to many team sports what this article says is that at 6 to 10 kids should learn the sport and all its skills and also grab the window of opportunity and play fast sports and do activities that assist co-ordination. At 10 to 12 ( before puberty?) work on change of direction and agility with training and varied sports and specific volleyball training and maybe throw some medicine balls around and get off the ground with sprints for example. Not advanced plyometrics! Then at puberty onwards do some light strength work and related basic jump and jump technique training to enhance volleyball skills. Again general work that creates a base and complements volleyball skills. At 14 to 15 work hard on most aspects but still work more on change of direction and general strength needs and individual needs. Then at 15 to 17 power them up and speed them up. If the girl is mature and has a good training age then work hard but of they are down on qualities go back to square one and get these “topped” up. So ideally at 17 the base should be set and they are on their way. Ideal! This is one way I would interpret this study?


*at age 9, selection should be based on psychomotor speed and coordination on solving complex motor problems. These motor abilities will ultimately limit
elite game performance: psychomotor speed by facilitating technique performance, and coordination and/or motor intelligence through faster motor learning and efficient solution of game situations;
*at age 11, selection should be based on coordination in terms of agility and explosive strength facilitating performance of basic technique elements, e.g., service and serve receipt;
*at age 13, selection should be based on explosive strength and agility that facilitate performance of techniques, e.g., block and spike;
*at age 15, selection should be based on specific motor abilities that are primarily related to body height, strength and spike precision, i.e. specific explosive strength and specific agility-mobility; and
*at age 17, selection should be done by evaluation of all specific motor abilities, especially specific speed and specific agility-mobility, enabling elite female volleyballers to efficiently manage all possible game situations and facilitate their technique performance, especially those in field defense



July 28, 2007 Posted by | Development, Volleyball Strength and Conditioning | 1 Comment

Will Kevin Sheedy Coach the Toscana Club? Italian AFL team of 2 Milleniums.


Photo above is of the Great 1973 Toscana Football team and thats me on far right with hair. This article was in IL GLOBO. A win by the Toscana club at the famous Bulleen Venue against the Valguarnera Club ( who?).

This was my greatest football highlight. Not the 93 Grand Final with EFC or the 2004 Finals with Geelong. Not the NAB Cup win in 2006 with GFC ( NAB Cup: The win thats not a win!). Not the VCFL win in 2006 at Southport with Leigh Colbert as coach! No it was this game. And I am an Italian “true blue” who has dual citizenship. I have fond memories of this game and recognise its true place in the history of the AFL. Peter Riccardi is, I hope a good friend but even though he looks more italian than an italian he doesnt speak a word. How can he get in the team of the century? If I asked most of those boys in “that” team of the century ( except Alessio) to name me who was the famous porn star that made it into the Italian Government would they know? ( La Cicciolina) And they call themselves Italian? I think the selection criteria should have been based on questions like the above. Maybe 10 questions that can identify if you are Italian. After all there is no soul or spirit in some errant “wog” gene that might be present in John Kennedy!

Now Steve Alessio and Rocca are real Ities Downunder. When you go and have coffee with them they order a short black, not a flat white or a skinny cappucino or a “laaarte”! And why didn’t the team of a century have a fitness adviser? This was a glaring omission from this team and I wonder why? The selection committee from the recent AFL team of the century of Ron Barassi , Brendon Gale, Kevin Bartlett, Frank Costa, Kevin Sheedy, Bob Skilton, Bill Stephen and former field umpire John Russo must take accountability for this because I am sure the ALL CROATION AFL team will be lean, fit and strong and these boys of Italian Heritage need to be pushed. Too much “La Dolce Vita” sometimes. The Croatians all stars have been bought up on war and conflict so one just winds them up and off they go. Not that they are better mind you! Just a different approach is needed. We Tuscans are thinking of our next major cultural achievement so sport is just a catharsis for the “arty-farty” brain. We have excellent decision making skills and evasive skills as can be evidenced by the number of warring nations that went up and down Italy and minimal collateral damage compared to Vladivostock.. Who is there to yell “forza ragazzi” for “that all star team”. My grandmother Nonna Tina and mum Rosa were there at the Veneto Club that day and they were amazed at my skills.

This was a tough day. As you can see we had no bench. The umpire I remember was Renato Serafini ( ex Fitzroy) . One rule change was to allow headers and if it went through it was a point. We practised our “acting and falling” for free kicks in the warmup and Serafini fell for this a number of times. And only now can I make the startling revelation that some of the boys in the Toscana team were not from Tuscan descent. My dad was Livornese so I couldn’t be more Tuscan. We had a few guys from Veneto and I think one Aussie that looked Italian and could say ciao. We taught him to say. Mi Chiamo Frederico. His name was Fred McDonaghy. We had to play the veneto dudes because then we could use the Veneto Club.

We were sponsored by Lago Smallgoods (which was owned by Rosalba Stocco, my dads other sister and also a Tuscan). and they supplied pregame salami and mortadellas. This was the 70’s remember. Beer and a smoke for recovery after a game at Moorabin. The mortadellas were really good to warm up with because they were like heavy footballs so when we kicked the sherrins they felt like tennis balls. We used the salamis like foam rollers for massage. I have learnt to use any aid I can in my quest to seek out cutting edge cost efficient Sports Science needs. After all I had about 20 Italian Lire at Geelong to run Sports Science when I got there.

Tactically we played a 1 6 4 3 3 1 formation but when the game got tough we played the 17 1 formation ( We had an all in brawl and smashed the shits out of the Valguarnerans ( Who?) !) . My cousin Rudy Villani who could play a bit got about 78 possessions.

The Angele family ( now own Brunettis) supplied carbohydrates with lots of cakes and lots of chinotto as sportsdrink. George Angele is Roman but we accepted his offer because he married my dads sister Gigliola ( a Tuscan of course!). Also they had a special mobile expresso coffee machine for half time and the breaks. We had to be careful with caffeine because 3 short blacks could get us over the limit with caffeine which was illegal then if overdosed. So I worked out using my sports science background that 1 short black, then 1 latte and 1 skinny macchiatto would have us under the limit for caffeine at the end of a game ( or 17 nescafes).

We tried to get sponsored with fruit from the market for postgame recovery and then sought out other big food chains but the rackets of the time ( 50 cents a case racket) with fruit meant that we were also hands off and there was no money left over for sponsorships . Things have changed thankfully.

At the time we made huge offers to get Mario Bortolotto and Vinny Cattogio to play. Not enough. They wanted a years supply of cappricciosa pizzas from Totos ( which was owned by a Tuscan) and we couldn’t crunch the deal. Didn’t need them anyway and they haven’t made any teams since so would not have helped it seems.

At the end in the rooms we sang the TUSCAN NATIONAL ANTHEM and had some “pasta dura” loaves and mozzarella sandwiches which did the carbs and protein thing. Lygon Street was abuzz that night. Horns honked and the chianti flowed. Shots were fired in celebration of course ( this was way before the gangland wars.) Al Grassby sent us a telegram and the celebrations could be heard on top of the leaning tower of PISA. We received an invite to go to Siena and il palio which is the famous horserace in the centre of Tuscany and race some Aussie horses there. It would have interfered with a game we had to play against the Italian Werribee Social Club in Werribee so we cancelled the trip. But still we are looking at it because I think one can fit an MCG size ground in the square in Siena.

Joe Misit, Mark Mercuri and Steve Alessio were at the game as little kiddies and they were inspired to play AFL given they saw us play at this level. They were dribbling their soccer balls and saw us and destiny beckoned. Of course they are not toscani but we accept that Italy has unified now. Steve Alessio is driving a lot of free agency issues in the AFL now and I think we will use him to develop a system to allow free agency between Italian Provinces ( Social Clubs) but there is a long way to go given since the Kingdom of Italy was formed in 1861 and the current flag only evolved in 1946 when Italy became a republic. So just like the Serbians and the Croations there are a lot of underlying tensions between provinces ( Social Clubs) which would make free agency hard to work. I know this day is what drove these boys on to great sporting feats.

And do you know that Mr and Mrs Rocca were there watching in their car on the sidelines and little Sav hadn’t even been thought of but the game was so inspiring that during the 3rd quarter their car fogged up and thats where little Sav er became the big Saveloid.

Imagine what Kevin Sheedy could do with this team. He is available and he loves wine. He also loves his sweets and I would think he is at that stage in life where he could combine sport and culture. Imagine that. The first AFL game in Siena straight after IL PALIO RACE is over in the square ( after they have swept up all the horseshit). Sheedy in Siena. A marketing coup. I reckon Silvio Berlusconi should have a word to Sheeds. Forza Sheeds.

Anyway these are the links to the “ugh” team of the century and some other obscure italian team.



And here a link to La Cicciolina


July 26, 2007 Posted by | AFL, General, Uncategorized | 1 Comment